Sleep Disorders That Mimic ADHD



Sleep Apnea Linked to ADHD-Like Symptoms

In other news: Chemo drug shortages put cancer patients at risk, and the CDC launches new anti-smoking campaign.

By George Vernadakis

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Sleep apnea, a common form of sleep-disordered breathing, may put children at higher risk of behavioral and learning problems, according to a study published in the journal Sleep.

Researchers led by Michelle Perfect, PhD, assistant professor in the school of psychology at the University of Arizona in Tucson, linked sleep apnea to a six-times higher risk of ADHD-like symptoms like acting out and performing poorly in school.

In the Sleep study, researchers followed 263 children between the ages of 6 and 11 over five years, and found a total of 44 children with sleep apnea. After five years, parents of the children with sleep apnea were more likely to report problems of hyperactivity, attention, disruptive behaviors and communication than parents of children who did not have sleep apnea.

A person with sleep apnea has abnormal pauses in breathing during sleep, which can cause them to wake up as much as 30 times or more per hour in order to resume normal breathing. Many people with the condition are unaware that they're having difficulty breathing. Often, snoring is the only obvious symptom.

Sleep apnea affects approximately 10 percent of children between the ages of 6 and 8, according to a 2012 study in the European Journal of Pediatrics.

Even though many children outgrow sleep apnea, said Emerson Wickwire, PhD, sleep medicine program director at Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Associates in Columbia, Md., the potential for attention, learning and behavioral problems means parents need to be on the lookout for potential warning signs of sleep apnea.

CDC Anti-Smoking Ads: Fear Works

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has unveiled a new batch of ads featuring former smokers. The video and print ads, funded by the Affordable Care Act Prevention and Public Health Fund, don't hide the scary and often gruesome consequences of prolonged tobacco use, from losing your limbs and your teeth to your voice or even your life.

Tips From Former Smokers, launched last March, marked the first national federally financed anti-smoking mass-media education campaign. Beginning April 1, a new set of ads will air on television and radio, and appear on billboards, online, and in magazines, newspapers, and theaters across the country for at least 12 weeks. The CDC worked with ad agency Arnold Worldwide in Boston for both campaigns.

Post-campaign assessments from last year's grizzly CDC ad campaign showed that it worked to at least get people interested in the idea of quitting smoking. ACDC report released in Junefound that the ads doubled the number of calls to 1-800-QUIT-NOW, a national hotline that connects callers to the quit line in their state, and brought more than five times more traffic to smokefree.gov, the federal website designed to help people quit smoking.

The CDC hasn't tallied the number of people who successfully quit as a result of the campaign, but it estimated that it could be as many as 50,000 people.

Chemo Drug Shortages Put Patients at Risk of Death

A new report finds that hospitals are increasingly facing a potential shortage of chemotherapy drugs.

The report, released by the Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association (HOPA), found hospitals and treatment centers are experiencing shortages of standard and critical oncology drugs because pharmaceutical companies and suppliers are running low on inventory and failing to keep up with production. A chemo drug shortage can dramatically alter the course of a patient's treatment.

"We're fearful that by delaying therapy or changing to a different regimen of drugs, we may not be able to produce the same benefit for long-term effect," said Lisa Holle, PharmD, assistant clinical professor at the University of Connecticut's School of Pharmacy, immediate past president of HOPA, and a co-author on the paper, just published in the American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy.

According to the Food and Drug Administration, the number of drug shortages has tripled over the last six years. In 2005, there were only 61 reported shortages, but that number jumped to 178 in 2010, and 251 in 2011.






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Date: 19.12.2018, 09:46 / Views: 34351